Wednesday Music: Vivaldi’s ‘Summer’ From ‘The Four Seasons’ [Repost]

I’ve posted this piece before, but I thought I’d do a repost since the first day of summer was… somewhat recently. Here’s a bit about Antonio Vivaldi’s Concerto No. 2 in G minor, Op. 8, RV 315, L’estate (Summer).

  • This piece is one of four violin concerti that make up Vivaldi’s group of compositions collectively called The Four Seasons (Le quattro stagioni for you Italian speakers out there!). Each one is meant to evoke one of the four seasons. They were published in 1725.
  • In addition to music, there are also accompany sonnets to go with each piece. This means they are called program music.
  • In addition to the sonnets, Vivaldi has instructions in the music. The instructions for summer include “Languor caused by the heat.” I guess it’s safe to assume that Italy gets hot in the summer!

Enjoy!

Or click here to see on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Vivaldi’s ‘Spring’ From ‘The Four Seasons’

Dear readers, I can’t believe I haven’t posted about this piece before. It’s appropriate for this time of year. Today’s piece is Antonio Vivaldi’s Concerto No. 1 in E major, Op. 8, RV 269, La primavera. That’s Italian for “spring.” Here’s a bit about it.

  • This piece is the first in Vivaldi’s cycle known as The Four Seasons. Each season is a concerto separated into three movements.
  • There are poems to accompany each season and the music is supposed to evoke imagery from the poems. For example, in Spring, there is a barking dog marked in the viola section. I’m not sure if the music actually sounds like a barking dog, though…
  • Other imagery supposedly in this piece are birds singing and thunderstorms. Again, I’m not sure I hear this when I listen to it—but based on the accompanying poems, it’s what Vivaldi wanted us to hear.

Enjoy!

Or click here to see on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Boccherini’s Cello Concerto in G Major

I’m embarrassed to say I can’t remember when the last Wednesday Music post was. I would look back in my archives, but that would probably be demoralizing, so let’s just say it’s been a while. Today’s piece is Luigi Boccherini’s Cello Concerto No. 7 in G Major, G. 480. Now, the numbering of Boccherini’s cello concertos always confuses me—I swear I’ve also seen this one referred to as Concerto No. 3—but I know I have the G. 480 correct, so if you find this piece with a different concerto number but still listed as G. 480, I’m assuming it’s the same one. Here’s a bit about it.

  • Boccherini didn’t list this piece in his own catalog of works, but it was published in Paris in 1770, and most scholars seem to assume it was written slightly before then. Boccherini himself probably performed it in Paris.
  • During the time the composer wrote this concerto, he was at a high point in his life. He was very popular and he was working as a chamber composer for the Infante Don Luis in Spain, so he had financial stability as well.
  • The accompanying orchestra for this concerto is composed of strings only—no woodwinds. This was more common in the pre-classical era than the classical era.

Enjoy!

Or click here to see on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Arensky’s ‘Variations on a Theme by Tchaikovsky’

You guys, it’s been ages since I put up a Wednesday Music post! I kept forgetting, even though I’ve had this piece on my mind for a little while now. It’s composer Anton Arensky’s Variations on a Theme by Tchaikovsky, Op. 35a. Here’s a bit about it.

  • Arensky, a composer I’ve never heard of, wrote this piece to Tchaikovsky in 1894, the year after Tchaikovsky died.
  • It’s based on a theme Tchaikovsky wrote in a piece called “Legend: Christ in His Garden,” which is part of Sixteen Children’s Songs.
  • The theme from Arensky’s piece was actually the slow movement of a string quartet he wrote. When the quartet was performed, everyone loved the slow movement so much that Arensky arranged it as a separate piece for string orchestra, which is what you’ll hear if you play the video below.

Enjoy!

Or click here to see on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Mozart’s Horn Concerto No. 3

I almost didn’t write a post in time for Wednesday Music this week because I had trouble choosing something. I knew I wanted to have Mozart because last Friday, January 27 was his birthday (so I should have had Mozart last week, but I didn’t realize it was his birthday until the day of), but I couldn’t decide what Mozart piece to post. Then I remembered his horn concerti. I love them all but strangely enough, I haven’t posted any of them. So today’s piece is his Horn Concerto No. 3 in E-flat major, K. 447. Here’s a bit about it.

  • Mozart completed it between 1784 and 1787 when he was living in Vienna.
  • He wrote it for his friend Joseph Leutgeb, an accomplished hornist and friend. The score is currently stored at the British Library in London.
  • The work is in three movements and is scored for two clarinets, two bassoons, solo horn, and strings.

Enjoy! The second movement is a particular favorite of mine, so be sure to listen to that (it starts at 7:06). This is an old recording, so the quality isn’t the best, but it’s hard to find a decent one on YouTube!

Or click here to listen on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Beethoven’s Wind Octet in E-Flat Major

I found this delightful piece—Beethoven’s Wind Octet in E-flat major, Op. 103—while looking for study music on YouTube. (Hey, I had to have something to listen to while going over all those study units for my recent exam.) I passed the exam, so maybe that means this piece is good luck? Who knows. 😀 Anyway, this piece is very beautiful and we haven’t had Beethoven in a while, so here’s a bit about it.

  • The piece is written for two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, and two horns. It has four movements.
  • Beethoven wrote it in 1792 while he was living in Bonn, prior to moving to Vienna. He later reworked and expanded it as his first String Quintet, Op. 4.
  • However, the Wind Octet wasn’t published until about ten years after his death (it was published in either 1834 or 1837; I found both dates while researching), hence its high opus number.

Enjoy!

Or click here to listen on YouTube.

Wednesday Music: Felix Godin’s ‘Valse Septembre’

Today’s piece is a bit different than what I usually post. It’s Felix Godin’s Valse Septembre. Here’s a bit about it.

  • Felix Godin is actually the pseudonym of an English composer named Henry Albert Brown. He wrote a lot of light music, which is like classical but less, you know, intense.
  • This piece was written in 1909 and is the one Godin/Brown is best known for writing. It is a light waltz in four movements and was quite popular at the beginning of the twentieth century.
  • The piece had a resurgence in popularity because it was featured in the 1997 film Titanic. (As an aside, I think there’s a lot of good music in that movie. Don’t laugh—it’s true!) If you’ve seen the movie, you may recognize the piece since snippets of it are playing in the movie.

Enjoy! And if you don’t like twentieth century music, never fear. I’ll return to my usual eighteenth and nineteenth century pieces in coming weeks.

Or click here to see on YouTube.